The best foods pre-workout (Los mejores alimentos pre-entrenamiento)

Pre-Workout Foods

Want to get the most out of your workout? Then eat the right foods beforehand.

Although you may be tempted to skip the calories, the food you eat before you exercise will fuel your workout and maximize your efforts and results. “If I don’t have my pre-exercise meal, my workout isn’t the same and it feels like a waste,” says Manuel Villacorta, R.D., author of Eating Free and Peruvian Power Foods. “If you fuel correctly you’ll workout harder.” Eating before a workout also prevents low blood sugar, which leads to light-headedness and fatigue. That said, you don’t want to eat the wrong thing before you head out for a run.

Here are the best foods you can eat within an hour before your workout:

Bananas

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“They’re nature’s PowerBar,” boasts Dr. Louise Burke, head of Sports Nutrition at the Australian Institute of Sport and coauthor of The Complete Guide to Food for Sports Performance: Peak Nutrition for Your Sport. Bananas are loaded with digestible carbohydrates (read: fuel) and are packed with potassium, which aids in maintaining nerve and muscle function. The body doesn’t store potassium for very long, so a medium banana before a workout will help keep nutrient levels high. Villacorta especially recommends bananas for morning exercisers: “Get up and eat a medium banana with 1/2 cup of Greek yogurt. Wait about 30 minutes and then hit the gym. Your body will need the carbohydrates and protein.”

Oats

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Oats are full of fiber, which means they gradually release carbohydrates into your bloodstream, Burke points out. (But they’re not so full of fiber that they’ll cause gas.) This steady stream keeps your energy levels consistent during your workout. Oats also contain B vitamins, which help convert carbohydrates into energy. Help yourself to one cup at least 30 minutes before you begin exercising.

Wholegrain bread

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A slice of wholegrain bread is a good source of carbohydrates. “And it has flexible partners,” says Burke. “Top it off with jam or honey for more fuel or sliced up hard-boiled eggs for high-quality protein.” If you’re hitting the gym during your lunch break, grab some bread about 45 minutes before you head out. “Top it with a couple slices of turkey,” suggests Villacorta. “At this time of day, you should eat about 30 grams of carbohydrates and 15 to 20 grams of protein.”

Fruit smoothies

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Fruit smoothies are high in carbohydrates and high-quality protein. Better yet: “They’re easy to consume and are rapidly digested,” says Burke. Try blending 1/2 cup plain, low-fat yogurt, 1/2 cup fruit and 1 cup fruit juice. “People tend to skip fruit and other foods that are high in carbs,” says Villacorta, “but protein doesn’t break down fast enough to become fuel for a workout. The carbs from fruit break down quickly and the protein is used later to prevent muscle damage.”  A great morning habit would be to start each day with a Tropical Greens Freshly Squeezed Juice from Jamba Juice. It’s a great source of Manganese, which can assist metabolic activity to boot.

What to avoid If you’re going to stray from this list, there are a few things you should keep in mind. Be sure to avoid fatty foods before working out—fat leaves the stomach very slowly, which means you’ll feel full and sluggish and could cramp up easily. Although carbohydrates are good, you should not get them from raw sugar or candy. Either of those foods will cause a sugar rush and probably a crash while you’re mid-workout. Also, don’t overeat before you workout. These are all snack—not meal—suggestions. Eating too much can cause indigestion, sluggishness, nausea and vomiting.

 

Alimentos pre-entrenamiento

¿Quieres darlo todo en tu sesión de entrenamiento? Entonces elige bien lo que comes antes de ponerte el chándal.

A pesar de que estés tentado/a de recortar calorías para perder peso, lo que comas antes de entrenar va a llenar tus depósitos de gasolina para maximizar tu esfuerzo y tus resultados.

Además comer antes de entrenar previene la hipoglucemia, que hace que tu esfuerzo sea menor y tu fatiga mayor. Ahora bien, hay que saber lo que se come antes de ponerte manos a la obra. No vale cualquier cosa.

Plátanos:

Los plátanos son la barritas de energía naturales. Están cargados con hidratos de carbono muy fácil de absorber (tu gasolina) y potasio, lo que te ayuda a mantener la función muscular y neuronal.

Tu cuerpo no almacena el potasio por mucho tiempo, de modo que medio plátano antes de entrenar mantiene tus niveles nutricionales elevados. Los plátanos son muy recomendables sobre todo en los que entrenáis por la mañana. Levántate y tómate medio plátano con media taza de yogur griego. Espera media hora antes de ponerte en marcha.

 Avena:

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La avena está llena de fibra, lo que se traduce en un aporte progresivo de hidratos de carbono a tu organismo. Este cereal te mantiene con energías durante tu entrenamiento. Además contiene vitamina B, lo que mejora la conversión de los carbohidratos en energía. Media hora antes de tu entrenamiento puedes tomar una taza de avena mezclada con un yogur.

Pan integral:

fresh tasty dark bread isolated on the white background.

fresh tasty dark bread isolated on the white background.

Una hogaza de pan integral es una de las mejores fuentes de hidratos de carbono. Además puedes acompañarla con mermelada o miel para aumentar su “carga de gasolina” o con huevo cocido para aumentar su “carga de proteínas”. Si sueles entrenar durante tu tiempo de comida, coge una hogaza de pan integral 45 minutos antes y añádele unas lonchas de pavo. En ese momento del día deberás consumir unos 30 gramos de hidratos de carbono y entre 15 y 20 gramos de proteínas.

Batidos de frutas:

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Los batidos de frutas son muy ricos en hidratos de carbono y proteínas de alta calidad. Además son fáciles de consumir y rápidos de digerir. Aquí va una idea: Media taza de yogur bajo en grasa, media taza de zumo de fruta, y otra media taza de fruta troceada. A la batidora y a disfrutarlo bien fresquito.

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